Biomechanical analysis by chiropractic radiography: Part 1. A simple method for determining x-ray projectional distortion

Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 1988; 11:273-280

Part 1. A simple method for determining x-ray projectional distortion

Abstract:

Projectional distortion is known to produce artifactual disrelationships between the images of osseous segments on X-ray film. Apparatus and methods were developed to measure the effect of projectional distortion on a human third lumbar vertebra. The procedures for mathematical analysis of such distortion are outlined, and the results of studies to determine the accuracy of the procedure are presented.